#SayHerName: #SandraBland is Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman and Fannie Lou Hamer – The Feminist Wire

#SayHerName: #SandraBland is Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman and Fannie Lou Hamer

We interrupt our summer break to #SayHerName and to honor #SandraBland.

whathappenedtosandrablandSandra Bland should not be dead but she may have taken her own life. I awoke this morning thinking about Sandra and that edited (and here and here) dash cam video. It is clear, to my mind at least, that sista refused the oppressors oppression, did not mince words, and quite possibly chose her own destiny.

Prior to watching the edited video I doubted Sandra would take her own life. I still do. But there’s a possibility that she did. I doubted Sandra would commit suicide because I believed the police state would kill her first and enjoy it. I still do. Why wouldn’t I?

We are living in the wild wild West. Black flesh is the prey. And the state seems to be out for blood. Sandra knew this too. Dead black flesh line our streets and media daily. So of course when this story first broke I pondered the possibility of murder and I refused the narrative of self-affliction.

But the truth is, we don’t know.

What we do know is, though edited, there is power in that dash cam. The video shows something we haven’t seen. It shows a black woman embracing her right to be angry. Too often these kinds of violent and traumatic videos reveal unarmed black men and women being beaten into submission by seemingly powerful police abusing their authority. We hear “I can’t breathe” and “why’d you shoot me?” We see black folk running. We see hands up.

But we rarely see the embodiment of black womanish dis/respectability politics that Sandra provides. In the video we hear her state her rights. We hear her ask at least 14 times the reason for arrest. We hear her call bullshit. We hear her signify the arresting officer as “scary,” “bitch ass,” “pussy ass,” and “mother fucker.” We hear her name his fear and pursuit of power. We hear her let the arresting officer know that he has no real power over her, that all he can do is arrest her body. We hear her call out the black female police officer who rushes to the scene claiming she’d seen everything. We hear Sandra refuse that revisioning and name her own truth.

Sandra told her mother that her purpose in life was to fight oppression in TX. From what we can tell from the edited dash cam video, she went down fighting with the only thing she had: her voice. Even through her tears and physical pain Sandra spoke courageously, unapologetically and unequivocally. She noted the arresting officers’ violence as a sign of weakness and his need to feel “like a man.” She noted the black woman officers’ eager participation in the horrid ordeal as a shame.

I found power in Sandra’s voice.

In Sandra I heard Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman and Fannie Lou Hamer. I saw a woman who knew her power, who refused to accept white supremacist antiblackness as normative. I saw a woman who refused to let the police state have her. I saw a woman who was rightfully angry and refused to be quiet about it. I saw a woman who found joy in her work and had every intention of making a difference in this world. I saw a woman who knew her value. I saw a woman who chose her own pleasures, to include smoking cigarettes while driving. I saw a woman who knew the power of voice and who knew the power of media.

I’d like to see all of the unedited footage of Sandra in jail. If they bashed her head and tried to break her wrists in public, we have to raise questions about what did they did in private. The historical archives certainly tell us what’s possible, particularly to black women who refuse state and local violence. I don’t need to revisit those stories here (her face in the orange jumpsuit provides a clue), but I do want to know, what did Sandra have to survive during her final hours? And I wonder, did she sing like the ancestors? Did she cry herself to sleep? Or did she courageously belt out Oh, Freedom, “and before I’d be a slave, I’d be buried in my grave. And go home to my Lord and be free”?

Sandra should have never been taken out of her car.

She was harassed from the start. The arresting officer tried to elicit a response and have power over her from the beginning. And he was confused and visibly upset when Sandra told him to get on with the ticket. In the video we see him ball his fists at his side like a small child who realizes the person he’s trying to bully is not afraid. And then we see him do the only thing a “scary ass cop” (Sandra’s words) would do once realizing he’s powerless. He pulled out his weapon and misused his authority.

But even then Sandra didn’t back down.

So is it possible that while in jail Sandra said I will Lord over my own life before you do? I don’t know. But we must sit with this possibility and the power in it. Many of the ancestors jumped overboard during the Maafa and countless others took their and their children’s lives on this soil during slavery. Historian, Darlene Clark Hine writes that the latter was seen as not only a form of resistance but the highest manifestation of love. And Sandra loved deeply. She loved all of us. But she loved herself too.

Still, is it possible that Sandra was killed?


It’s also possible that she refused state sanctioned oppression and chose her own destiny.

Either way the state took her life.

But regardless, Sandra chose how she’d live it.


11755135_10206105618374440_1090144510593474709_nTamura A. Lomax is an educator, writer and activist. She received her Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University in Religion, where she specialized in African American Religion, Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies, African American and Diaspora Studies, and Black British and U.S. Black Cultural Studies. Her research is concerned with race, gender, representation, religion and black popular culture. She is specifically interested in the ways that linguistic and representational technologies of power construct and institutionalize ideas of race and gender and how these ideas not only establish notions of innate difference, but ultimately affect black women and girls in their everyday lives. She’s also concerned with how structural, communal and interpersonal ideas of race and gender in general and black woman/girlhood in particular get reproduced and exchanged between black religion and black popular culture, sometimes producing and igniting epistemic and/or material violence. She recently published Womanist and Black Feminist Responses to Tyler Perry’s Cultural Productions (Palgrave Macmillan, June 2014), a co-authored edited volume with Rhon S. Manigault-Bryant and Carol B. Duncan, and is finishing up her first single authored monograph, Loosing the Yoke: The Black Female Body in Black Religion and Black Popular Culture. She is co-founder, along with Hortense Spillers, of The Feminist Wire.



  1. Stacy Fox

    July 22, 2015 at 11:07 pm

    As I sit here reading your article at 10:05pm (Eastern standard time) Fox News (channel 5) in NY. Just stated that Sandra Bland was arrested after KICKING an officer…hmmm I’ve watched two different video of the Sandra Bland arrest the one from the dash cam And the one from the person who use their cell phone to video the incident, when did she kick him? Why are they talking about a past suicide attempt that had nothing to do with her current situation. My understanding is the young woman moved to a new state, starting a new job and beginning a new life, why are they trying to live in her past instead of addressing the police officers misconduct? He was taunting her, trying hard to piss her off. He had an agenda, this first car he stop (red car) it took him less than a few minutes to give their warning/ticket and they were on there way with no problem, when he stopped Sandra, he walked over to her car said something then walked back to his car, then back to her car again, and instead of just giving her the WARNING…he asks her a question? Why everyone gets a little agitated when they think they are being ticketed and he could have explained to her that he was giving her a warning and let her go but he had his own agenda and he wanted her to fear him but she didn’t, so the next step was to tell her to put out her cigarette which was probably the reason she was so calm in the beginning and then you arrest her for smoking in her car not kicking you. She was seated in her car and you threaten to “Light her up” if she did not get out of the car. I’m confused!!! After her arrest and court appearance her bail was set at $5,000 for smoking in her car? Not being happy to get a ticket? For no cooperating when her rights where being trampled on? For being slammed to the ground with hand cuffs on? For being told to get up after being slammed to the ground with the hand cuffs still on? For stating that you hit her head on the ground and possibly causing damage? But then you became BFF’s and she talked to you about her past suicide attempts and not wanting to live anymore, the people she had the least amount of respect, the punka**, the woman officer who showed up after she was out of the on the direction of the officer who was going to light her up if she did not get out of, now is speaking to a situation she knew nothing about. Exactly who did she tell all alone in her cell about her prior suicide attempt? If this story wasn’t so factually incorrect I would give the possibility of suicide a thought but the police would have never released the dash video if that Good Samaritan did not release his first. But we are still not addressing the actions of the officers who clearly abused his authority. There has to be some type of reprimand or disciplinary actions taken against him.

  2. Amanda Greathouse

    July 24, 2015 at 6:07 pm

    Thank you for writing this. It made me tear up multiple times with the power of your words as you gave her story a voice. I relate, because I feel that is my life’s purpose as well. I relate, because I’m a native american and know what it is like to suffer as a minority. And in particular, when you ask how she spent her last few hours, the quote from the song… that hit really… surprisingly… hard. Thank you again, so much.

  3. Pingback: Meditation on Sandra Bland’s self-possession, The Beatles and neo-Black codes of conduct | Africa is a Country

  4. Rachel

    July 26, 2015 at 11:48 am

    In contemplating the possibility of suicide I keep thinking about her family…that help was on the way. I hadn’t thought of suicide as a radical act. I just kept thinking of the people who love her and didn’t get to her in time. Its just heartbreaking. Thanks for your reframing.

  5. Farah Snipes

    July 29, 2015 at 9:09 pm

    This article definitely orchestrated a huge thrust to my memory bank on 3 Great Black Women who helped shaped America’s dream of what “being Black and Free” means. Truth, Tubman and Hamer all lived lives displaying courage, determination, fortitude and strength. For example, when Truth’s 6 year old son was sold into slavery. Sojourner Truth fought with Pen to paper. She took the slave owner to court and Won! Truth-WON! May we revisit the lives of these great women and make wise/sound/present-moment decisions. We must develop present-moment awareness. Cultivate decisions that will shift a change. Truth, Tubman and Hamer embodied the all known fact, “We must be the change, we wish to see in the world”. I pray, we all have changed for the better.